Feeding fat in pig and dairy cattle

Autores/as

  • Nazly Yolieth Martin-Culma Agricultural and Food Sciences and Environmental Management. Department of Animal Husbandry engineering, University of Debrecen, Hungary. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7665-8955

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36436/24223484.403

Palabras clave:

Lipids, diet, livestock, animal nutrition

Resumen

Fats are key components in animal nutrition for maintaining normal development and performance. They are organic, water-insoluble substances and are classified as saturated (SFA), unsaturated (USFA), monounsaturated (MUFA), and polyunsaturated (PUFA) fatty acids (1). The level of inclusion in the diet affects animal growth and feed conversion. The inclusion of fats in the diet differs in monogastric and polygastric animals as it is related to lipid metabolism. In ruminants, dietary fats are hydrogenated in the rumen before intestinal absorption, for this reason, absorbed fatty acids are more saturated than fatty acids supplied by the original diet. In contrast, in non-ruminants, the intestinal digestibility of fatty acids depends on the degree of saturation of these fatty acids supplied in the diet (2).

Citas

Wattiaux, M. A. y Grummer, Ric R. Guía Técnica Básica de lechería Universidad de Wisconsin-Madison. edit. Instituto Babcock para la Investigación y Desarrollo Internacional de la Industria Lechera Esenciales Lecheras Universidad de Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, USA. 2011;140. Available in: https://kupdf.net/download/gu-iacute-a-t-eacute-cnica-b-aacute-sica-de-lecher-iacute-a-universidad-de-wisconsin-madison_58a85b4e6454a7d43eb1e8d8_pdf

Michel Doreau and Yves Chilliard. Digestion and metabolism of dietary fat in farm animals. British Journal of Nutrition. 1997;78 (1): S15 - S35. DOI: 10.1079/bjn19970132.

Çetingül İS, Yardımcı M. The importance of fats in farm animal nutrition. Kocatepe Veterinary Journal. 2008;1(1):77-81. Available in: https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/download/article-file/108766

Bauchart, D., Legay-Cannier, F. & Doreau, M. (1990). Relationship between linoleic acid intake and duodenal flows in dairy cows offered lipid supplemented diets. Reproduction Nutrition Development 30. 1990; 2: 188s. Available in: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00899343/document

Doreau, M. & Ferlay, A. Digestion and utilisation of fatty acids by ruminants. Animal Feed Science and Technology. 1994; 45: 379-396. https://doi.org/10.1016/0377-8401(94)90039-6

Culma, N. Y. M., de Jesús Rojas, G., Arenas-Suarez, N. E., & Herrera-Franco, V. Alternativas nutricionales para disminuir emisiones de gas metano por bovinos y su efecto en el calentamiento global. Revista Ciencias Agropecuarias. 2020; 3(1):8-17. Available in: http://200.14.47.231/index.php/Ciencias_agropecuarias/article/view/216

Behan AA, Loh TC, Fakurazi S, Kaka U, Kaka A, Samsudin AA. Effects of supplementation of rumen protected fats on rumen ecology and digestibility of nutrients in sheep. Animals (Basel). 2019; 30;9(7):400. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani9070400

Freeman, C. P. The digestion, absorption, and transport of fats: non-ruminants. In Fats in animal nutrition. Wiseman, J., editor. London: Butterworths.1994; 105-122.

Murray R. K., Granner, D. K. Mayes, P. A. Rodwell. V. W. Lipids of physiologic significance. Haper’s Biochemistry, Editorial McGraw-Hill, New York. 25th ed. 2000; 160-171.

Azain, M. J. Fat in swine nutrition. CRC Press, New York, NY. Swine Nutrition. 2nd ed. 2001; 95-105.

O’Hea, E. K., and G. A. Leveille. Significance of adipose tissue and liver as sites of fatty acid synthesis in the pig and the efficiency of utilization of various substrates for lipogenesis. The Journal of Nutrition. 1969; 99(3):338-344. https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/99.3.338

De la Llata, M., Dritz, S. S., Tokach, M. D., Goodband, R. D., Nelssen, J. L., & Loughin, T. M. Effects of dietary fat on growth performance and carcass characteristics of growing-finishing pigs reared in a commercial environment. Journal of Animal Science. 2001; 79(10): 2643–2650. https://doi.org/10.2527/2001.79102643x

Allee, G. L., Romsos, D. R., Leveille, G. A., & Baker, D. H. (1972). Lipogenesis and enzymatic activity in pig adipose tissue as influenced by source of dietary fat. Journal of Animal Science. 1972; 35: 41–47. https://doi.org/10.2527/jas1972.35141x

Realini CE, Duran-Montgé P, Lizardo R, Gispert M, Oliver MA, Esteve-Garcia E. Effect of source of dietary fat on pig performance, carcass characteristics and carcass fat content, distribution and fatty acid composition. Meat Science. 2010; 85(4):606-12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2010.03.011

Hammon HM, Metges CC, Junghans P, Becker F, Bellmann O, Schneider F, Nürnberg G, Dubreuil P, Lapierre H. Metabolic changes and net portal flux in dairy cows fed a ration containing rumen-protected fat as compared to a control diet. Journal of dairy science. 2008; 91 (1):208-217. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2007-0517

Adewuyi A, Gruys E, Van Eerdenburg F. On esterified fatty acids (NEFA) in dairy cattle. A review. Veterinary quarterly. 2005; 27(3):117-126. https://doi.org/10.1080/01652176.2005.9695192

Willett, W. C., Stampfer, M. J., Manson, J. E., Colditz, G. A., Speizer, F. E., Rosner, B. Willett WC, Stampfer MJ, Manson JE, Colditz GA, Speizer FE, Rosner BA, Sampson LA, Hennekens CH. Intake of trans fatty acids and risk of coronary heart disease among women. The Lancet. 1993; 341(8845):581-585. https://doi.org/10.1016/0140-6736(93)90350-p

Descargas

Publicado

2021-11-25

Número

Sección

ARTÍCULO DE REFLEXIÓN